What is phonics?
Why teach phonics?
Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.
Children who have been taught phonics also tend to read more accurately than those taught using other methods, such as ‘look and say’. This includes children who find learning to read difficult, for example those who have dyslexia.
How is phonics taught at Abbeyfield?
What is taught in Phase 1?
Encourage your child to recognise sounds around them e.g. telephone, listening to the rain or wind, making animal noises, playing instruments, guessing the source of the sound (e.g. what makes the ‘bzzzzzz’ sound? A bee.)
What is taught in Phase 2?
Set 1: s, a, t, p Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
The children will begin to learn to blend and segment to help begin reading and spelling. This will begin with simple words e.g. at, sat, pat, pin.
What is taught in Phase 3?
Children will be taught a combination of constant and vowel digraphs and trigraphs.
Set 6: j, v, w, x Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo (book), oo (boot), ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
What is taught in Phase 4?
What is taught in Phase 5?
New graphemes for Reading: ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, Split digraphs: a_e, e_e, i_e, o_e, u_e
Alternative pronunciations (the same letter (grapheme) can represent more than one sound (phoneme)): fin/find, hot/cold, cat/cent, got/giant, but/put, cow/blow, tie/field, eat/bread, farmer/her, hat/what, yes/by/very, chin/school/chef, out/shoulder/could/you.
In each phase, children are also introduced to tricky words. These are the words that are irregular and that can’t be read usually the ‘normal’ decoding and blending taught. This means that phonics cannot be applied to the reading and spelling of these words. All children should be able to read and spell these words independently by the end of Year 1.
What is taught in Phase 6?
This phase covers spellings and learning rules for spelling alternatives and homophones.
Children look at syllables, base words, analogy and mnemonics as aids to spelling correctly.
Children learn to add a range of suffixes to words following spelling rules.
Suffixes: – ful, -ly, -y, -ment, -ness, -ing, -ed, -s, -es, -est, -er, -tion
Click on the tabs below to explore helpful links for phonics!
Contains free games for children to read real and pseudo words. Go to the Parents section and click on Interactive Games.
Contains excellent videos and further guidance.
Contains lots of short videos to help you revise different phonemes with your child and children really enjoy using them to enhance their learning.
Lots of games to choose from on the left hand side of the webpage. Please focus on Phase 2, 3 and 4 games on this website.
The literacy section has a range of fun interactive activities.